Jumat, 06 Januari 2012

UKURAN DAN KONVERSI


Pakailah sendok ukur, gelas ukur dan timbangan yang standar. Semua ukuran sendok ukur dan gelas ukur adalah rata kecuali bila dinyatakan lain.

 
Ukuran Volume Bahan
1 sdt (sendok teh) = 5 ml = 5 cc
1 liter = 1.000 ml = 1.000 cc
1 sdm (sendok makan) = 15 ml = 15 cc
1dl = 100 ml = 100 cc
1 gelas (cup) = 250 ml = 250 cc
1 ml = 1 cc


Ukuran Berat Bahan
Bahan Berat 1 sdm 1 cup
Tepung terigu 10 gr 140 gr
Gula Pasir 20 gr 225 gr
Gula merah (dipadatkan) 15 gr 200 gr
Brown sugar (dipadatkan) 10 gr 170 gr
Gula bubuk 10 gr 110 gr
Mentega 15 gr 225 gr
Margarine 15 gr 225 gr
Cokelat bubuk 5 gr 80 gr

dikutip dari : majalah Santap no.05/2004

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 Ukuran Cup
1 cup = 1 gelas belimbing peres
1 cup terigu = 150 gram
1 cup tpg.ketan kemasan = 130 gram
1 cup tpg ketan baru = 190 gram
1 cup kanji/sagu = 100 gram
1 cup tpg beras baru = 150 gram
1 cup tpg roti kemasan baru( panir) = 150 gram
1 cup tpg roti buatan sendiri = 150 gram
1 cup gula halus yg tidak diayak = 250 gram
1 cup gula halus yg diayak = 175 gram
1 cup buah2an kering = 175 gram
1 cup susu encer/air/santan = 200 cc

Ukuran sendok
1 sendok makan peres = 3 sendok teh
1 sendok makan gula pasir = 15 gram
1 sendok makan mentega = 15 gram
1 sendok makan gula pasir halus = 12 gram
1 sendok makan terigu = 8 gram
1 sendok makan bubuk coklat = 6 gram
1 sendok makan tpg maizena/corn flour/ = 12 gram

Ukuran dasar
1 sendok teh = 5 cc
1 sendok makan = 15 cc
1 onz = 30 gram
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Oven Baking Temperatures
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Fahrenheit, Celsius, and Gas Number Conversions
To Convert Fahrenheit to Celsius:
Subtract 32, multiply by 5, then divide by 9
To Convert Celsius to Fahrenheit:
Multiply by 9, divide by 5, then add 32.
Fahrenheit (degrees F)
Celsius (degrees C)
Gas Number
Oven Terms
225 degrees F
110 degrees C
1/4
Very Cool
250 degrees F
130 degrees C
1/2
Very Slow
275 degrees F
140 degrees C
1
Very Slow
300 degrees F
150 degrees C
2
Slow
325 degrees F
165 degrees C
3
Slow
350 degrees F
177 degrees C
4
Moderate
375 degrees F
190 degrees C
5
Moderate
400 degrees F
200 degrees C
6
Moderately Hot
425 degrees F
220 degrees C
7
Hot
450 degrees F
230 degrees C
8
Hot
475 degrees F
245 degrees C
9
Hot
500 degrees F
260 degrees C
10
Extremely Hot
550 degrees F
290 degrees C
10
Broiling

Read more: http://www.joyofbaking.com/OvenTemperatures.html#ixzz1Uasy7TaX

Pan Dimensions and Volumes
Note:  Keep in mind that most home ovens will only accommodate up to a 17 x 14 inch (43 x 36 cm) pan.
Conversions:  (Dimensions) 1 inch = 2.54 cm  (Volume) 1 cup = 237 ml
Approximate Pan Dimensions (inches)
Approximate Volume (cups)
Approximate Pan Dimensions (centimeters) (cm)
Approximate Volume (milliliters) (ml)
Round

Round

6 x 2 inches
4 cups
15 x 5 cm
948 ml
8 x 1 1/2 inches
4 cups
20 x 4 cm
948 ml
8 x 2 inches
6 cups
20 x 5 cm
1.4 liters
9 x 1 1/2 inches
6 cups
23 x 4 cm
1.4 liters
9 x 2 inches
8  cups
23 x 5 cm
1.9 liters
10 x 2 inches
11 cups
25 x 5 cm
2.6 liters
Springform

Springform

9 x 2 1/2 inches
10 cups
23 x 6 cm
2.4 liters
9 x 3 inches
12 cups
23 x 8 cm
2.8 liters
10 x 2 1/2 inches
12 cups
25 x 6 cm
2.8 liters
Bundt

Bundt

7 1/2 x 3 inches
6 cups
19 x 8 cm
1.4 liters
9 x 3 inches
9 cups
23 x 8 cm
2.1 liters
10 x 3 1/2 inches
12 cups
25 x 9 cm
2.8 liters
Tube

Tube

8 x 3 inches
9 cups
20 x 8 cm
2.1 liters
9 x 3 inches
12 cups
23 x 8 cm
2.8 liters
10 x 4 inches
16 cups
25 x 10 cm
3.8 liters
Square

Square

8 x 8 x 1 1/2 in.
6 cups
20 x 20 x 4 cm
1.4 liters
8 x 8 x 2 inches
8 cups
20 x 20 x 5 cm
1.9 liters
9 x 9 x 1 1/2 in.
8 cups
23 x 23 x 4 cm
1.9 liters
9 x 9 x 2 inches
10 cups
23 x 23 x 5 cm
2.4 liters
10 x 10 x 2 inches
12 cups
25 x 25 x 5 cm
2.8 liters
Rectangular

Rectangular

11 x 7 x 2 inches
6 cups
28 x 18 x 5 cm
1.4 liters
13 x 9 x 2 inches
14 cups
33 x 23 x 5 cm
3.3 liters
Jelly Roll

Jelly Roll

10 1/2 x 15 1/2 x 1
10 cups
27 x 39 x 2.5  cm
2.4 liters
12 1/2 x 17 1/2 x 1
12 cups
32 x 44 x 2.5 cm
2.8 liters
Loaf

Loaf

8 x 4 x 2 1/2 in.
4 cups
20 x 10 x 6 cm
948 ml
8 1/2x4 1/2x2 1/2
6 cups
21 x 11 x 6 cm
1.4 liters
9 x 5 x 3 inches
8 cups
23 x 13 x 8 cm
1.9 liters
Muffin

Muffin

1 3/4 x 3/4 in.
1/8 cup
4.5 x 2 cm
30 ml
2 3/4 x 1 1/8 in.
1/4 cup
7 x 3 cm
60 ml
2 3/4 x 1 1/2 in.
1/2 cup
7 x 4 cm
120 ml
3 x 1 1/4 inches
5/8 cup
8 x 3 cm
150 ml
Heart Shaped

Heart Shaped

8 x 2 1/2 inches
8 cups
20 x 6 cm
1.9 liters

Conversions:  (Dimensions) 1 inch = 2.54 cm  (Volume) 1 cup = 237 ml

Read more: http://www.joyofbaking.com/PanSizes.html#ixzz1cV4bfa4t


U.S. and Metric Volume Equivalents 
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U.S. Volume Equivalents:
1 1/2 teaspoons = 1/2 tablespoon
3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon
2 tablespoons = 1 ounce = 1/8 cup
8 ounces (16 tablespoons) = 1 cup
2 cups = 1 pint = 16 ounces
2 pints = 1 quart = 4 cups = 32 ounces
4 quarts = 1 gallon = 16 cups = 128 ounces
Converting U.S. to Metric:
teaspoons x 4.93 = milliliters (ml)
tablespoons x 14.79 = milliliters
fluid ounces x 29.57 = milliliters
cups x 236.59 = milliliters
pints x 473.18 = milliliters
quarts x 946.36 = milliliters
gallons x 3.785 = liters
U.S. Volume
Metric Volume (ml/l)
1/4 teaspoon
1.23 ml
1/2 teaspoon
2.5 ml
3/4 teaspoon
3.7 ml
1 teaspoon
4.9 ml
1 1/2 teaspoons (1/2 tablespoon)
7.5 ml
2 teaspoons
10 ml
3 teaspoons (1 Tablespoon)
15 ml
1/8 cup (2 tablespoons/1 ounce)
30 ml`
1/4 cup (4 tablespoons/2 ounces)
60 ml
1/2 cup (8 tablespoons/4 ounces)
120 ml
3/4 cup (12 tablespoons/6 ounces)
180 ml
1 cup (16 tablespoons/8 ounces)
240 ml
2 cups (32 tablespoons/1 pint/16 ounces)
480 ml
2 1/4 cups (18 ounces)
540 ml
2 1/2 cups (20 ounces)
600 ml
2 3/4 cups (22 ounces)
660 ml
3 cups (1 1/2 pints/24 ounces)
720 ml
4 cups (1 quart/32 ounces)
960 ml
4 quarts (1 gallon/128 ounces)
3.8 l



Read more: http://www.joyofbaking.com/USMetricVolumeEquiv.html#ixzz1UaxpYWer

U.S. and Metric Weight Equivalents 
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Ounces into Grams:
ounces multiplied by 28.35 = grams
pounds multiplied by 0.454 = kilograms
U.S. Measurements (Weight) (ounces)
Metric Measurements (Weight) (grams)
1/2 ounce
14 grams
1 ounce
29 grams
1 1/2 ounces
43 grams
2 ounces
57 grams
4 ounces
113 grams
8 ounces
227 grams
16 ounces (1 pound)
454 grams
32 ounces (2 pounds)
907 grams
64 ounces (4 pounds)
1.8 kilograms

Read more: http://www.joyofbaking.com/USMetricWeightEquiv.html#ixzz1UaxuGklE

Mentega
1/4 cup = 57   grm
1/3 cup = 76   grm
1/2 cup = 113 grm

Bahan Kering ( semua bahan, Tepung, Gula Halus )
1/8  cup =  ( 2sdm ) = 16 grm
1/4        =  32 grm
1/3        =  43 grm
1/2        =  64 grm
2/3        =  85 grm
3/4        =  96 grm
1           = 128 grm

Tepung Roti
1/4 cup  = 34 grm
1/3        = 45 grm
1/2        = 68 grm
1           = 136 grm

Gula Putih
2 sdm    =    25 grm
1/4 cup  =    50 grm
1/3        =    67 grm
1/2        =   100 grm
2/3        =   134 grm
3/4        =   150 grm
1           =   201 grm

Bubuk Coklat
1/4 cup  = 55 grm
1/3        = 73 grm
1/2        = 110 grm
1         = 220 grm
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